Newton County Page
This page is
Newton County (cont.)
This inference is drawn from the writings
of the early explorers, who have des scribed the habits, customs, and buildings
of the early Indians.
This closes Romans’
list of Choctaw towns in Newton county. There were unquestionably many
other towns in the county, but those given above seem to have been the
only ones given to Romans by his Indian informants. According to the view
of the writer, Romans’ line of travel led through no part of Newton county.
The trail that led from Okha Hullo to Okhata Talaia continued its course somewhat southwesterly, running through some Indian settlements in Scott county and thence to the Choctaw town of “Chisha foka,” among the post oaks, which stood upon the site of the present city of Jackson. From Jackson, tradition says, the trail ran to the present site of Vicksburg on the Mississippi river. The Jackson road from DeKaib to Jackson was based upon this old Indian trail.
The Choctaws of
Oka Hullo were very much averse to emigrating west and wished to avail
themselves of the privileges of the fourteenth article of the treaty of
Dancing Rabbit, but failed to secure these privileges in consequence of
the fraudulent actions of Col. Ward, the Choctaw agent. There was so much
dissatisfaction among them at one time during Governor Runnel’s administration,
that the white settlers in the vicinity became quite uneasy
Having given all the information at present available in regard to the Choctaw towns of Newton county, the writer will attempt to give an account of the water courses on Romans’ map in so far as they relate to the same section of the county.
It may be stated that Romans’ name for the entire course of the Chickasahay does not correspond with the modern designation. As understood at present, Talasha and Chunky creeks unite to form Chunky river; Chunky river and Oktibbeha unite near Enterprise in Clarke county to form Chickasahay; and this stream in turn unites with Leaf river to form the Pascagoula. Captain Romans gives the name “Chickasahay” to Talasha creek. After the confluence of Chunky creek with Talasha the name Chickasahay still adheres to the united waters until they come to the influx of “Gon Bogue,” which creek is certainly Okahatta creek of Newton county. Below the mouth of Okahatta he calls Chunky river “Taka Ocooloo river,” which name is a philological puzzle. “Ocooloo” may however be “OkIa,” People. How far down this name extends is not known. But below the Haiowanni towns in Wayne county, Captain Romans calls Chickasahay river “Pascagoula river.” (The modern spelling is here used.)
The creek given on Romans’ map as “Chunka bogue” is Chunky creek. It is incorrectly placed too far north, and according to Dr. Gatschet’s lines is in Neshoba county, but nearly all the creek is really in Newton county. “Oon Bogue,” as has been already stated, is “Okahatta creek.” “Oka hata” means White water. “Phiket Lapali,” in correct Choctaw spelling, “Fakit Lapali,” Turkeys stick there, is the modern Turkey creek. On Romans’ map this creek is laid down as emptying into Chunky river. It empties into Pottoc Chitto, and is still known by its Indian name, “Fakit Lapali,” among Choctaws of Newton county. Romans’ map is very confusing in its information with reference to Patac Chitto creek. It gives two creeks of this name, whereas there is only one. He has both the northern “Patoc Chito” and the Phiket Lapali emptying into Chunky river. The southern Patac chito, which is the true and only Patac chito, he has correctly represented. The best informed Choctaws state that “Pottok Chitto” (the usual modern spelling), is worn down from “Patafa Chitto,” which means Big cleft, evidently referring to some deep valley-like gorge through which the creek flows.
that part of Bernard Romans’ map of 1772 which relates to Newton county,
the writer will give some account of the first American impress upon this
county by a notice of the military road of 1816 This road from Carlandville
in Jasper county struck Newton county about the center of the southern
line of section 32, township 5, range 12, east. From this point it continued
its northeast course and in section 1 of the same township and range it
crossed Pottok Chitto creek, ran thence to the site of the present town
of Hickory, and thence to the Choctaw town of Chunky, crossing Chunky river
in the northwest corner of section 8, township 6, range 12, east. From
this point it still continued its northeast course until it struck the
southwest corner of section 1 township 7, range 13, east. From this point
it ran due north a little over three miles, parallel with Talahatta creek.
These three miles still exist as a part of the Chunkyville road. The military
road crossed Talahatta creek in about the center of section 24, township
8, range 13, east, and extended thence still northeasterly until it passed
out of Newton county.