Wayne Co, Mississippi
Genealogical and Historical Research
This page is copyright 2001
All Right Reserved
of the Emmaus Mission
By John H. Evans
From Publications The
Mississippi Historical Society, Vol. VI,
Public Domain Material
Online coding/layout Copyright 2001 Ellen Pack - All Rights Reserved
My father, Jehu
Evans, bought the tract of land embracing Emmaus in the fall of 1833, during
the land sales at Augusta. He paid Mr. Gage three hundred dollars
for his improvements, and in January, 1834, moved into the houses.
In 1846, my father moved into a new house, which he had built near where
the stiles were, and all the houses on the mission grounds were finally
torn down and used for other purposes.
The Emmaus Mission
was situated upon a beautiful plateau, about 1,200 yards east of Buckatunna
creek. To describe the location minutely, the mission was situated
on the N. W. 1/4 of the S. E. 1/4 of section 18, township I, range 18,
east. It comprised an enclosed square of four acres, 140 yards each
way. The eastern side of the enclosure was composed of pickets driven
into the earth. The other sides consisted of a rail fence.
Dwelling House -
The dwelling of the missionary stood in the northeastern corner of the square, about thirty steps south of the northern boundary of the enclosure, and about twenty steps west of the eastern boundary. The gate was in the northeastern corner, and between it and the house were several large post oaks. There was also a pair of stiles over the fence about twenty feet west of the gate.
The houses on
the mission grounds were all made of large hewn logs. The residence
of the missionary was a large two-story building, with a partition running
north and south, above and below, the partition of the lower story being
made of logs, that of the upper story, of clapboards. A shed room
made of clapboards formed the northwestern corner of the house. A
piazza was on the east or front side of the house, where was the main entrance.
Near the door and to the right of it was a stairway leading up about four
feet to a platform and thence to the west, terminating in the upper story.
A closet was under the platform and thence to the west, terminating in
the upper story. A closet was under the platform.
The Library -
The mission library to the left of the door was formed by an opening about four feet long and five feet high, made in the wall by sawing out the logs. In this opening the shelves of the library were fastened, and the outside of the opening was then cased up with clapboards. By this economy of space, the library took up no room.
There was only
one fire place, which was on the north side of the main or front room.
This room had two windows; a large glass window, protected by a batten
shutter on the south, and a small window, protected by a sliding shutter
on the north, to the right of the chimney. A door connected the front
room with the partition room. This latter room had a large glass
window, protected by a batten shutter, on the south.
The Piazza -
To the west of the door, through which one passed out upon a small piazza, with the door of the "shed room" on the right. The front or eastern room up stairs had two windows, one to the north, and the other to the south. The western room up stairs had only one window, which was in the south. A door way connected these two rooms.
A large post oak
stood near the southeastern corner of the front piazza. Another one
stood near the southeastern corner of the house. These trees stood
about ten feet apart.
The Dining Room -
The dining room
stood about thirty feet south of the dwelling house and in line with
the eastern end of it. The dining room was about twenty feet square,
and the kitchen was built at its southeastern end, the two buildings being
connected by a "stack chimney" with a fireplace on each side. The
dining room had three doors, one facing the east, another the west, and
a third the south and leading into the kitchen. There were two glass
windows on the north. Many distinguished men have eaten in this dining
room, among them Colonel George S. Gaines and the Choctaw chief, Pushmataha.
The Kitchen -
In addition to
the door connected the kitchen with the dining room, the kitchen
had a door on the east, another on the west, and a window on the south.
There was a cellar under the dining room, and a projecting roof from the
west end of the kitchen to protect the stairway that led down to the cellar.
A portable dairy stood between the eastern doors of the dining room and
the kitchen, and was protected by a shed that projected from these two
The Storage House -
About thirty feet
west of the kitchen was the storage house. It was eighteen feet by
twenty, and stood east and west, with the door towards the kitchen.
About thirty feet north of this house was the well, which had an old fashioned
The School House -
About forty feet
due west of the dwelling house was the school house, in which a Miss Skinner
taught. It had a chimney on the northern side, and a door on the
eastern side, with a window on the south and another on the west.
The Barn and Grounds -
On the northwestern corner of the enclosure or park was the barn. Near it stood a large red oak. All along the western boundary of the enclosure were some large red oaks and hickories. Thence eastward on the southern boundary were some chinquapin and chestnut trees, which extended to the storage house. There was a post oak between the storage house and the kitchen, also one between the kitchen and the southeastern corner of the square. A few china trees stood in front of the missionary house, near the gate leading into the garden.
At the northeastern corner of the square the ground began to slope. From this place the garden extended seventy yards to the east, seventy yards to the south, and thence seventy yards to the west, stroking the eastern boundary of the enclosure. On the southern side of the garden and covering the remainder of the block, was the cow lot.
There was a large wagon gate near the northwestern corner of the enclosure, immediately south of the barn. There was a another large wagon gate in the northeastern corner of the cow lot, which connected it with the enclosure. There was also another small gate near the southeastern corner of the enclosure, on the southern line of the fence.
The public road running west from the "Jewel Stand" passed immediately along the northern side of the square.
The Indian graveyard connected with Emmaus Mission was situated in the extreme northeastern corner of the N. E. 1/4 of N. W. 1/4 of section 19, township I, range 18 east.