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-- Description and Travel
State Board of Centennial Managers - 1876.
surface of Lincoln [County] is hilly, with hills generally of a considerable
elevation, in some cases rising almost into mountains. The slope
is usually sufficient for cultivation. Only about one fifth of the
land is cleared, and much of the uncleared land is in large tracts, up
to 100,000 acres.
Churches - 6
Post offices - 7
Population - 5,053
Value of taxable property
- $1, 073, 901.45
County Seat - Hamlin
is some fine bottom land along the Guyandotte River, but the hills on the
Guyandotte and Coal rivers are high and rough. On Mud River, the
soils are clay; elsewhere they are Sandy loams, all generally deep
and very fertile.
The crops best suited
to the lands are Corn, Oats, Wheat, Rye, Buckwheat, and Tobacco.
Lincoln is one of the most extensive Tobacco raising counties in the State,
and the soils are especially adapted to this crop.
The grasses also do finely.
Lincoln produces large amounts of ginseng. The soils are from 7 to
10 inches deep on the hills, and 12 to 14 inches on the levels. The
hills and levels produce about alike. Corn yields 30 to 40 bushels;
Wheat, 10; Rye, 12; Oats, 20.
Land in large tracts is
worth, when containing fine coal, as much of it does, $5 to $10, which
is also about the value of the farming land. The timber is in large
amounts, and of the finest quality. Coal and timber land can be purchased
at from $1 to $1.50. Timber is worth 50 cents per tree, stumpage,
and at the mills, 6 to 10 cents per cubic foot.
farming, lumbering, and stock raising. The stock is very good.
timber, lumber, tobacco, forest products, and stock.
Markets: The timber
is sold at the stump, and rafted down to markets on the Ohio River, as
is the lumber. The tobacco and stock are sent to Cincinnati.
Minerals: Coal in
great quantity; splint, common bituminous, and cannel; fine
stand stones for building.
or more large grist and saw mills, on Mud River, one on Guyandotte River,
and several steam saw mils, two tan-yards at Hamlin.
The principal streams
are Guyandotte and Mud rivers. The former is navigable several months
of the year for "push boats," and timber may be floated down it on full
water. Mud and Little Coal are navigable for canoes and rafts in
Means of transportation
at present are the above streams, and county mud roads, to the Chesapeake
and Ohio railroad.
Coal River railroad, the branch running up Little Coal; Guyandotte
Railroad, Guyandotte and Ohio River Railroad, Mud River Railroad, Ohio
River and Wayne County Mineral Railroad.